ARTIST


朴栖甫
PARK Seo-Bo

朴栖甫1931年出生於韓國慶尚北道醴泉郡,是韓國當代藝術的重要人物,也是韓國單色畫運動的始創者之一。1957年朴栖甫參與創立了「現代藝術家協會」,親歷韓國前衛藝術運動的萌芽階段,於1961年在法國實驗過「無形式藝術」後,他開始轉向更為內斂的手法,其創作過程近乎冥想的形式,透過重複的動作,以及對油彩和物料一絲不苟的物理性操控,體現植根於道佛哲理、老莊著作的思想脈絡。

朴栖甫以《描法系列Ecriture》聞名,標題「Ecriture」是「書寫」的法文,他將傳統韓紙(Hanji)貼於畫布上,再以鉛筆持續地描繪,勾勒出無數線條的組合,透過介於書寫與繪畫間的筆觸,他完全捨棄具有表現性的形體,只專注於追求“動作、物質和精神的合一”。

《描法》系列的風格持續發展了廿多年,隨著不同時空背景與不斷轉換的心境,早期作品以黑色或冷色為主色調,靈感來自於被煤炭燻黑的傳統韓屋的牆壁,以及對威權政治的不安。千禧年後則趨向選用明亮的原色,是他觀察城市環境與景觀變化後的反饋。其風格豐富多變,卻仍與他向來主張揚棄自我表達之欲、達到天地合一境界的核心概念一致。

重要展覽包括1975年東京畫廊舉辦群展「五位藝術家,五種白色」,並於1988年及2015年展出於威尼斯雙年展,其作品收藏於紐約古根漢美術館、韓國首爾國立當代美術館、東京現代美術館、香港M+視覺文化博物館等。

PARK Seo-Bo was born in Yecheon County in North Gyeongsang, Korea in 1931. He is a seminal figure in Korean contemporary art and one of the founding members of Korea’s Dansaekhwa monochrome movement. As early as 1957, he helped establish the Hyun-Dae Artists Association, and witnessed the germination of the Korean avant-garde art movement. In 1961, after he experimented with art informel in France, he began shifting to a more reserved approach, and his creative process became almost meditation-like. Through repeated

movements and purely physical manipulation of oil paint and materials, he realizes his thoughts rooting in the philosophy of Taoism and Buddhism as well as the writings of Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu.

Park is best known for his painting series, “Ecriture,” of which the title means “writing” in French. He pastes hanji (Korean paper) on canvas before continuously creating pencil lines on a still-wet monochromatic painted surface to delineate countless linear combinations. Using brushstrokes posited between writing and drawing, he has relinquished all expressive forms to solely focus on pursuing “the union of action, material and spirit.”

Park has continued developing the style of “Ecriture” for more than twenty years. Depending on different historical background and a changing state of mind, his early work is mainly black or reveals a cool color tone, as he draws inspiration from traditional Korean houses blackened by soot, as well as anxiety towards authoritarianism. After millennium, he has gradually introduced bright primary colors into his palette, which reflects his observations of urban environment and landscape variations. Despite his rich and versatile style, Park has been able to amalgamate his style with the core concept of renouncing the desire for self-expression and achieving the unity of heaven and man.

Major exhibitions participated by Park include Korea: Five Artists, Five Hinsek ‘White’ at Tokyo Gallery in 1975, as well as the Venice Biennale in 1988 and 2015. His works have been included in the collections of many prestigious art institutions, among which are the Guggenheim Museums in New York, the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, and M+ in Hong Kong.