謄刻古籍

Transcribe Ancient Books

歷史系列 ─ 謄刻古籍No.1─No.3  介紹

謄刻古籍No.1-聖徒生活12卷 No.1 Transcribe Ancient Books I-Les Vies des Saints│桂楠木、油畫顏料、凡尼斯 Phoebe kwangsiensis H. Liu., oil paint, vernis│2016-2018

說明

“Les Vies des saints” 《聖徒生活》的作者阿德里安·貝爾(Adrien Baillet , 1649年6月13日-1706年1月21日)是法國學者和評論家。他幼時窮困,從家鄉附近一個修道院的修士那裡學習到拉丁語,其後在神學院內接受了完整的教育,後來被任命為博韋學院的教師,1676年被正式任命為神父。1680年他接受了巴黎議會主席的圖書館館長任命,期間親手撰寫完成了整個圖書館的圖書目錄共35卷。他的一生都在不斷地、堅持不懈地熱情學習與勤奮勞動中度過,每日只允許自己擁有五個小時的休息時間。

西元1701年所出版的《聖徒生活》是他的最著名作品,此書是他對於基督教中神跡問題的嚴肅思考,出版後在當時引起了極大的爭議。本作品的仿刻物件,正是1701年的稀有初版書籍。

Introduction:

Les Vies des saints was written by Adrien Baillet (1649.06.13 – 1706.01.21), a French scholar and critic. Grew up in an impoverished family, he was sent to be a pupil in a monastery near his hometown, where he was taught Latin by the monks. He then received a complete education in a theological seminary and was afterwards appointed a teaching position at the College of Beauvais. In 1676, he was officially ordained a priest; and in 1680, he accepted an appointment to be the librarian to the Advocate-General to the Parlement of Paris, during which he completed a catalogue raisonné of the library, with 35 volumes in total. He spent his life in continuous learning and diligent labor, devoting so much of his time that he only allowed himself five hours of rest per day.

Published in 1701, Les Vies des saints was his most well-known work, which demonstrated his serious contemplation on the sbject of miracles in Christendom and became a controversial book after its publication. This work is a replication of the rare first edition from 1701.


謄刻古籍No.2-希臘羅馬名人傳 Transcribe Ancient Books II- Plutarchi Parallela, Seu Vitae Parallelae│桂楠木、油畫顏料、凡尼斯 Phoebe kwangsiensis H. Liu, oil painting, vernis│2018

說明:

“Plutarchi Parallela, Seu Vitae Parallelae” 《普魯塔克的比較列傳》一書又名《希臘羅馬名人傳》,作者普魯塔克(Plutarch,約46年─125年)為羅馬時代的希臘著名傳記作家、哲學家,其作品在文藝復興時期至為重要。此書可謂開歐洲傳記文學的先河,是西洋世界最早一部傳記。該書規範寫作傳記的原則,人物繁多,記載詳實,並生動刻劃出傳記人物的人格特質和心理變化 。全書共五十個篇章,除四篇單人傳記,另四十六篇均各包含一個希臘人物和一個羅馬人物的傳記,記後一比較文,文中將二人顯著之特點加以對比。

該書問世後的二千多年來一直被西方文壇視為必讀之文學典籍,與中國司馬遷《史記》的重要性可謂相提並論。普魯塔克更因為這部偉大的史學鉅著而獲得西方文壇「傳記之王」的稱譽。本作品仿刻的原始物件,為1723/1724年所出版的希臘/拉丁文雙語版本。

Introduction:

Plutarchi Parallela, Seu Vitae Parallelae, also known as Lives of Illustrious Greeks and Romans or Parallel Lives, was written by Plutarch (46-125), a celebrated Greek biographer and philosopher in ancient Rome, whose works had tremendous importance during the time of Renaissance. This particular work is considered the first of the biography genre in Europe, and therefore, the first biography in the history of Western civilization. In the book, Plutarch talked about the principles of writing a biography and provided a minute account of many figures, vividly describing their personality traits and psychological journeys. The book comprises of fifty chapters, including four biographies featuring four individual figures and forty-six biographies, each features a pair of a Greek figure and a Roman figure, ensued by the writer’s comment and comparison of their respective characteristics.

Over the course of two millennia after the book’s publication, it has been viewed as a canonical work in Western literature and carries equal importance to the Chinese masterwork, Records of the Grand Historian, by Sima Qian. Plutarch was also named “the father of biography” in Western literary world because of this historical masterpiece. This work is based on the Greek/Latin version published in 1723 to 1724.


謄刻古籍 No.3-哲學家塞內卡作品Transcribe Ancient Books III-Oeuvres de Séneque le Philosophe│桂楠木、油畫顏料、凡尼斯 Phoebe kwangsiensis H.Liu., oil paint, vernis│2018-2019

說明:

“Oeuvres de Séneque le Philosophe”《哲學家塞内卡作品》一書的作者–盧修斯·阿奈烏斯·塞內卡 (拉丁語:Lucius Annaeus Seneca,約西元前4年-西元65年)是古羅馬時代著名的科爾多瓦斯多亞學派的哲學家、政治家、劇作家。他曾任尼祿皇帝的導師及顧問,62年因躲避政治鬥爭而引退,但仍於65年被尼祿賜死,以切開血管的方式自殺。

塞內卡主張:提高道德、智慧,保持精神上的安寧是人唯一的任務,鼓吹禁欲主義,要求人們放棄現實生活和欲望,等待神的啟示和精神上的解脫。由於塞內卡的這種思想對未來基督教影響較大,被德國哲學家恩格斯在其著作《布魯諾·鮑威爾和早期基督教》中稱為「基督教的叔父」。本作品仿刻的原本物件是由佛朗索瓦·拉格蘭奇所翻譯,1795年在巴黎所出版的法語版本。

 Introduction:

Oeuvres de Séneque le Philosophe was written by Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC – 65 AD), a renowned Stoic philosopher from Cordoba, who was also a statesman and playwright in ancient Rome. He was a tutor and advisor to the Roman emperor, Nero, and retired in 62 to avoid political struggles. However, he was still forced by Nero to take his own life by severing his veins himself in 65.

Seneca upheld the idea that human being’s only mission in life was to elevate morals and wisdom while maintaining spiritual serenity. He advocated stoicism and asked practitioners to renounce real life and desires to wait for divine revelation and spiritual liberation. Due to the impact of such thinking on the subsequent development of Christianity, he was named “the uncle of Christianity” by German philosopher Friedrich Engels in his Bruno Bauer and Early Christianity. This work is

based on the French version translated by François La Grange published in Paris in 1795.